Prognostics

Author: Frederik Lodewijk Polak
Publisher: Elsevier Publishing Company
ISBN:
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Analysis Of Water Resource Systems

Author: L. Votruba
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080870236
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forces the water resource planners to deal with the distant future, which is not
possible without long-term, mediumterm and also short-term predictions. Systems
science, therefore, includes prognostics as a scientific field that investigates the
general principles of development, methods of prediction for arbitrary objects and
the laws involved in process of making predictions (Gvishiani and Lishichkin,
1968). The causal dependence between social development and water demands
, with ...

Scientific Procedures

Author: L. Tondl
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401029164
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If we make the quality of our decision-making, which means the quality of an
activity performed and controlled by man, a criterion for the admissibility of this or
that reduction of the elements with which we operate in a given procedure, or a
criterion ... EXPLANATION AND PREDICTION (a) The Scientific Basis of
Prognostic Statements and the Thesis of the Structural Identity of Explanation and
Prediction The prognostic statements which we work with in the empirical
sciences are usually ...

Deciding Who Lives

Author: Renee R. Anspach
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520212138
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edged difficulties in making predictions. More often than not, ... That conflicts
surrounding prognosis seem to have a systematic and patterned nature alerts us
to the fact that predicting and prognosticating, an ostensibly "scientific" activity,
may actually have a social and organizational basis. ... Each occupational group
has a different set of daily experiences that define the contours of the information
used in making prognostic judgments and in reaching life-and-death decisions.

Patient Centered Prognosis

Author: Miller III, Kashani-Sabet, & Sagebiel
Publisher: iUniverse
ISBN: 1491706813
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Prognostic factors serve mainly as the basis for making individually tailored
predictions. Research conclusions are based on at least. a partial. understanding
of underlying mechanisms and pathways, but they apply separately to each
individual patient. The flavor of factor-centered prognostic research is perhaps
more comfortably allied with viewing medicine as a science. The flavor of patient-
centered prognostic research is perhaps more comfortably allied with viewing
medicine as ...

Clinical Prediction Models

Author: Ewout W. Steyerberg
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387772448
Size: 54.32 MB
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1.1 Studies in PubMed with the terms “prognostic model” or “prediction model” in
the title, published between 1970 and 2005, as a fraction of the total number of
studies in PubMed (a total of 676,000 in 2005) 1 9 7 0 1 9 7 5 1 9 8 0 1 9 8 5 1 9 9
0 1 9 9 5 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 5 about the care of individual patients.”317,362 Evidence-
based medicine applies the scientific method to medical practice.160 Another
development is that we are moving towards “shared decision-making,” where ...

Systems Thinking For Geoengineering Policy

Author: Robert Chris
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317554884
Size: 76.67 MB
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s (2014) distinction between diagnostic (retrospective) and prognostic (
prospective) uncertainty. Explanatory predictions seek to corroborate (or refute) a
prior hypothesis, whereas decision making predictions are concerned with
bringing about (or avoiding) certain future states. Explanatory prediction is an
activity that falls squarely in the domain of Kuhn's normal science. It is also the
means by which Popperian falsification succeeds in rejecting the- ories when the
empirical evidence ...

Traumatic Brain Injury

Author: Jordan Grafman
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0444635343
Size: 77.31 MB
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Predicting. outcome. after. traumatic. brain. injury. ANDREW I.R. MAAS1*,
HESTER F. LINGSMA2, AND BOB ROOZENBEEK3 1Department of
Neurosurgery, Antwerp University Hospital and University of Antwerp, Edegem,
Belgium 2Department of Public Health, ... Finally, prognostic analysis and
identification of ... The science of clinical decision making and advances in
statistical modeling allow us now to consider prognosis in terms of probabilities
rather than vague prophecies.

Prognostic Variables In Node Negative And Node Positive Breast Cancer

Author: Giampietro Gasparini
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461551951
Size: 50.52 MB
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Underlying this complexity, there are probably a small number of "rules" or
parameters that govern the initiation of the transformation process, though
progression of this process is marked by randomness and chaos, making specific
outcomes difficult to predict from an original set of conditions. In many respects,
assessing clinical outcome using present biomarkers is analogous to planetary
weather forecasting using only barometric pressure and wind direction. The
complexity and ...

Encyclopedia Of Information Science And Technology Third Edition

Author: Khosrow-Pour, Mehdi
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466658894
Size: 40.89 MB
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The improvement in prognostic ability offered by artificial neural networks over
regression or statistical methods, may be clinically important for therapy, clinical
trials, patient information, and quality assurance. In decision-making regarding
therapy, it may allow the efficient separation of patients with a poor prognosis (
who require therapy) from patients with an excellent prognosis (who require little
or no therapy), and it may predict who will respond to a particular therapy. In
clinical trials ...